The natural ageing process leaves our faces with an untoned appearance. Over time, the skin’s structure breaks down, depriving our skin of youthful volume and definition that it once had.
Our skin and nearly all of our other tissues stay in a consistent state of remodelling through our entire lives; however, as we get older, the regeneration capacity of the skin decreases because of changes in the structure and composition of connective tissue.
An essential component of our skin is collagen, a protein that is responsible for our skin’s elasticity. However, with ageing, the development of collagen reduces and that leads to sagging skin, fine lines around the mouth, chin and nose and bags under the eyes. A decrease in collagen production can cause many of the signs of aging.
Eyelids – The upper eyelids sag as we age, in some individuals this can create visual field loss because the excess weight flaps over the eyelid or the skin pushes the eyelid down. This is called ptosis and caused by the loss of elasticity that is experienced as we age. In addition, the levator muscle has the job of lifting the eyelid, but this can stretch as we get older, which can cause the eyelid to droop.
Jowls and Chin – The jowls and chin area are usually the first facial area to show signs of sagging skin. Jowls cause the jawline to look soft and take away the youthful definition. It can also create a square shape face when we get older. It is caused by a combination of the loss of volume in the face and sagging skin.
Sagging skin is a serious problem for most individuals over forty; effecting the emotional and psychological well-being of many.
Hormones – More accentuated in woman due to the menopause, and the reduction of estrogen.
Environmental factors such as pollution and exposition to ultraviolet radiations.
Renovation of the cells – The cells start to renew more slowly, and the cells in the dermis stop making collagen and elastin like before. These proteins lose elasticity, and there is a loss of density in the epidermis.
Loss of fat tissue – The fat in the subcutaneous layers is reduced, and the epidermis begins to sag.
Shrinking bones – As we age the bones change in contour making us look older.
Alcohol – alcohol can dehydrate you and this means there is lest moisture of your skin and prevent proper nutrients.
Smoking – the nicotine that is contained in cigarettes restrict blood flow to your facial skin, which means it is deprived of important nutrients and oxygen. It can also damage collagen.
Stress – if you are stressed all the time this can take a toll on your skin and mean that you mature faster.
Lack of exercise – with a lack of exercise, you can gain weight, which can cause the skin to stretch.
Poor diet – if you have a bad diet that is full of junk food, you aren’t getting the vitamins and minerals your skin needs to stay healthy.
Lack of sleep – without the rest that your body needs, the skin has to work harder to repair itself.
Constant muscle movements – by frowning and causing lines and wrinkles to develop, this can affect the skin and its elasticity.